gorn.bodratto.xyz › Безопасность и Уязвимости › Песочница. Пробовал разными способами и по всякому, через HYDRA тепер через patator версии позволяет перед каждым запросом вытаскивать CSRF-token. Подделка межсайтовых запросов (CSRF) - это атака, вынуждающая пользователя выполнять действия в сети, которые были навязаны хацкером. ВИДЕО РОЛИКИ О НАРКОТИКАХ Приобрести Подробнее 815,00. 78-30-263 063 304-35-75 400 грн Время работы Интернет-магазин работает с пн. Приобрести Подробнее 600,00. Приобрести Подробнее 25,00.
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Переходим в терминал и вводим последующую команду: « hydra Будьте внимательны при составлении данной команды. Справку можно поглядеть с помощью команды « hydra -h »:. Опосля ввода вышеописанной команды нажимаем « Enter », и запускаем скрипт. Процесс перебора не чрезвычайно длинный, и в скором времени мы получаем вывод логина и пароля:.
SQL-Injection уровень Low. Ваш адресок email не будет размещен. Сохранить моё имя, email и адресок веб-сайта в этом браузере для следующих моих комментариев. Skip to content Этичный хакинг с Мишей Тарасовым Timcore. Свежайшие записи 9 Криптография. Симметричное шифрование с внедрением GnuPG. Прохождение машинки DC Поисковый движок. Перечисление поддоменов. Разведка — Фаза 2. Brute Force Уровень Low. Перейдем к практике и выставим опции сохранности на уровень « low »: Непревзойденно.
Перебегаем на вкладку « Brute Force » и лицезреем поля для ввода имени юзера и пароля: Последующим шагом сконнектим наш браузер с инвентарем BurpSuite. Дальше перебегаем по вкладке « Preferences »: Опосля этого скроллим в самый низ на страничке и нажимаем вкладку « Network Settings », опосля что избираем радиокнопку « Manual Proxy Configuration »: Все ok , мы сконнектили наш браузер. Therefore, if the user is authenticated to the site, the site will have no way to distinguish between the forged request sent by the victim and a legitimate request sent by the victim.
Here are some common causes and easy fixes if that happens to you! Chrome rejects cookies without the secure flag if a cookie with the same name for the same scope domain, path is set that has the secure flag. Ory Hydra 1. For versions prior to that, you need to delete the cookies for the domain in order to get them working again.
Use either You are running Ory Hydra behind a reverse proxy that strips the Cookie header. If the reverse proxy supports path rewrites that might also cause issues!
Hydra csrf как создать сайт hydraCross Site Request Forgery - Computerphile
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On some devices modifying crucial settings may not be possible via SNMP even if write access is enabled, but an SNMP injection attack can still be used successfully. This kind of attack injects malicious code into the HTML pages of a web interface and thus silently redirects users to phishing or infected websites or performs other actions like CSRF attacks.
Figure 3: SNMP — having community string set to default may result in code injection into the web interface of the router. As this is once again an implementation issue, it means that SNMP security is not in the hands of users. Although the recent version of the SNMP specification SNMPv3 partially addresses these insecurities by adding encryption to the messages, its designers decided to change some conceptual elements and thus this version is not widely supported by the major hardware vendors.
This is a very important and immediate problem, especially where business networks are involved, and vendors should be paying close attention to this as they are putting their customers at risk. If you are thinking of buying new network equipment for your office and you need it to be SNMP-enabled, it is a good idea to look for something that supports SNMPv3.
Generally speaking, in the context of a small home network SNMP is practically useless. Thus if your household router has SNMP enabled, the best thing to do is to disable it unless you really need to use it. In such a case, changing the default community string to a long and non-dictionary phrase is absolutely essential. The first known router malware that operated automatically appeared in in the form of an open-source tool.
It was managed by IRC and its main purpose was to access routers using brute force methods for the purposes of performing DDoS attacks. Getting access to the router was possible by either using a built-in list of default passwords or with the use of a D-Link authentication bypass exploit. Figure 4: Part of Readme file, distributed with Hydra sources. Psyb0t is the first in-the-wild binary malware infecting network devices themselves.
It was discovered by the Australian researcher Terry Baume in January , when he noticed strange attempted attacks in his firewall logs. It drew still more attention in March of the same year when a botnet consisting of infected routers performed a DDoS attack on the DroneBL portal.
Basically, Psyb0t is an IRC bot which connects to the server, joins the channel and looks up the topic for commands. This meant that the malware self-proliferated across the network, infecting all vulnerable devices as it went.
As the router firmware is usually read-only, Psyb0t resides exclusively in RAM and a simple reboot results in the machine being disinfected. Growth in public interest was probably the reason why its creator deactivated the botnet. On 22 March, , the creator changed commands in the IRC channel topic to make all bots kill their processes and exit. He also left a message in the topic saying that the botnet reached 80 thousand infected machines and suggesting that the purpose was research-oriented, a claim which is fairly dubious.
The binary itself was packed with the UPX packer, although the headers had been corrupted in order to impede analysis. Actually, it is more like a primitive obfuscation than a real anti-reversing technique. Figure 5: Psyb0t — corrupted UPX header. Some of the strings inside the file were obfuscated in order to keep them secret, if only for a short while. Figure 6: Psyb0t — encrypted strings. Figure 7: Psyb0t — decrypted commands.
The decryption routine is simple: it takes a specific key, which is hardcoded into the binary, and subtracts each subsequent byte of the key from each subsequent byte of the encrypted string. Figure 8: Psyb0t — decryption routine. The very first thing the bot does after joining the IRC channel is to check the commands in the topic. The most important command here is the scan command, or its variants: rscan, lscan and rlscan.
This vulnerability concerns several different devices, of which D-Link and Telecom are but two, and although it was fixed in newer versions users who have older hardware are still vulnerable to such attacks. Figure 9: Psyb0t — authentication bypass exploit. After gaining access to the shell, Psyb0t searches the list of running processes looking for its own process. If the router is not infected already, Psyb0t uses either wget or tftp to download its body from the server and execute it.
Next it sends a message about the successful attack to the botnet owner and goes on to the next host. The first thing the newly-launched process does is to create a zero-sized file called udhcpc. It then decrypts certain strings before disappearing into the background where it executes the following commands:. Figure Psyb0t — connecting to the IRC server. Figure Psyb0t — joining IRC channel. Figure Psyb0t — setting channel modes.
The bot performs commands included in the channel topic and loops, waiting for other commands that may be sent in private messages. In most cases the command names are self-explanatory. Additionally, it has the capacity to download additional files wget , visit specified web pages visit , modify the hosts file spoof and execute system commands. Figure Psyb0t — password used for brute force attacks. Although the Psyb0t botnet was shut down in late March , this is not the end of the router malware story.
A few months later, in December , researchers from the Masaryk University located in the Czech Republic discovered another router IRC bot which in many ways reminded us of Psyb0t. Uteltend, which comes from another string in the file — a command used to prevent the utelnetd service from running on an infected machine.
Figure Chuck Norris — some strings inside the binary. Chuck Norris consists of more than one file. The main binary performs a port scan using a Linux tool called pscan and a range of IP addresses taken from either the ip. Figure Chuck Norris — IP ranges. It then tries a brute force access of each network device using a set of default passwords. The command it executes afterwards is also stored in encrypted form:. Figure Chuck Norris — decrypting the commands.
The name of the main binary is syslgd and it imitates the name of a legitimate Linux process — syslogd — which is responsible for logging system messages. This is an attempt- albeit a very primitive one — to mask itself in the system. Among the other components found on the malicious server there was a binary with IRC bot functionality that is detected by Kaspersky Lab as Backdoor. In early March a new head of the Hydra appeared in Latin America, most probably a direct descendant of the previous one.
This malware was classified as a variant of Backdoor. However, some parts of its code are also very similar to the Chuck Norris binaries, for instance, the function for obfuscating strings and the encryption key. Moreover, some of the strings and IP addresses are in fact identical. Figure Tsunami — decrypting channel name and password. Figure Tsunami — IP addresses.
Figure Tsunami — blocking ports, changing DNS. Most of these commands are renamed or modified Kaiten commands:. As all the above mentioned binary malware only resides in RAM it is easy enough to disinfect the device. However, just restarting the router means that it is highly likely that the router will be re-infected. In summary, over the last 4 years the MIPS platform has seen a few drive-by pharming attacks and a handful of malware incidents.
Not that much compared to other platforms, even mobile ones, so why the hue and cry? Why is the topic still important? As we recall from history, the beginnings of malware for each platform seem to be similar.
For example, right now the numbers of malicious files for mobile and bit platforms are still minute compared with x86 malware, but no one can deny that they are growing fast and will probably dominate the malware market once the older architectures fade away.
Attacks via MIPS devices are relatively new and have enormous potential to do significant damage. Up until now, those cases that were detected were discovered accidentally when they affected security researchers themselves. The average home user with little or no knowledge of network security has almost no chance of detecting such malware unaided. This poses a question: how many MIPS botnets continue to operate undetected? A malicious process can exit just as soon as it has applied its configuration changes, leaving the device apparently uninfected.
This approach would make the process of tracking attacks even more difficult. It seems like a very interesting area for further research. Users should ensure that they use strong passwords, check their security settings and update their firmware and any relevant software regularly — at present, these are the only things they can really do. The first step should be to implement randomly-generated default passwords, unique for each single device.
Some vendors already do this. Also, some newer devices have many more secured settings than their predecessors — which do not allow remote access with default credentials. However, there is still a lot of work to be done. Greater emphasis should be placed on firmware vulnerabilities and firmware security, so every device should be thoroughly security tested before being released. All malware evolves and multiplies and we must expect MIPS malware to follow this pattern too.
Here are some predictions that I made while writing this article:. As they say, the sky is the limit. Your email address will not be published. We recently discovered a Trojanized DeFi application that was compiled in November Highest score default Date modified newest first Date created oldest first. You need to supply the correct syntax. Improve this answer.
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